Learning More about African Americans
While not complete, the following resources come with recommendations:
Sheldon Museum Archives
The Swift-Stewart Research Center at the Henry Sheldon Museum in Middlebury holds a rich collection of materials that highlight the history of slavery and freedom as debated and experienced by 19th-century Vermonters: newspaper accounts, pamphlets, meeting minutes, membership rolls, abolitionist letters, and other manuscript materials including the Vermont Colonization Society (1817 – 1880s), the Vermont Anti-Slavery Society (1835 – 1865), and the Rokeby Papers of Robinson Family in Ferrisburgh. For more information: http://henrysheldonmuseum.org/archives/ or (802) 388-2117. The Henry Sheldon Museum is located at 1 Park St, Middlebury, VT 05753.
Discovering Black Vermont: African American Farmers in
A book by Elise Guyette. University Press of New England, 2010.
Historian and educator Elise Guyette, using historical records including tax and estate records, journals, and diaries, has pieced together the history of a small African American community in rural Vermont, giving face to people and experiences that would otherwise have faded from view. “Relying on deep research, sensible interpretations and lucid prose, Elise A. Guyette brings this long-overlooked history to life in a manner that is as highly instructive to scholars of race relations and African American history, as it is revealing to general reads. A gem of a book.” – James Brewster Steward, Macalester College.
Guyette has also authored a teacher's guide to accompany this book. The guide is available for download here.
Vermont Women, Native Americans & African Americans: Out of the Shadow of History
A book by Cynthia Bittinger. The History Press, 2012.
Part II of Bittinger's book provides biographies of well-documented African Americans living in Vermont in the 18th and 19th centuries: Lucy Terry Prince, Jeffrey Brace, Lemuel Haynes, Charles Bowles, Alexander Twilight, Martin Freeman, Sister Eliza Healy, Lewis Hayden, George Washington Henderson, William Anderson, Marion Annette Anderson, William John Anderson Jr. and in the 20th and 21st century Daisy Turner, Randy Brock, Jackson Major and others. Text also relates the history of Buffalo Soldiers, Vermont African Americans and the Civil War, white Vermonters’ roles in Abolitionism, and defiance of the Dred Scott Decision, as well as isolated incidents of racism in the first part of the 20th century.